Tuesday, April 07, 2020

Thoughts on Indra and Vishnu - seer and seen

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विष्णोः कर्माणि पश्यत
यतो व्रतानि पस्पशे
इन्द्रस्य युज्यः सखा

“Look at the most important karma/function of vishNu, who by his presence ensures all deeds are done properly - for he is the “linked/coupled” (yujya) and (almost) inseparable sakhā of Indra.”

The phrase Indrasya yujyam sakhā - can be understood by example of KrishNārjuna duo.

Arjuna (Indra) and Krishna (vishNu)

Indra = Ātman/drashTā, Vishnu (one who is (almost) inseparably linked with the drashTa) share same space (ie co-exist together = sa + kha = same space)

This function is the most important and grandest function/feet/achievement (karma) of vishNu.

vishNoryat paramam padam (ॐ विष्णोर्यत् परमं पदम्)

That he pervaded everything and is (almost) inseparably linked with the seer Himself (drashTā, puruSha) - is his greatest achievement.

I have been using qualifier “almost” here. Because eventually puruSha/Indra/Arjuna has to let go of this “attachment” too to achieve kaivalyapada.

From where we see it - Arjuna/Indra/Seer is puruSha here. And vishNu is moola Prakriti. 😊🙏

Indra literally translates as “seer” (इदम् द्रमति स इंद्र:) one who sees it all, is Indra.

The whole point of sānkhyayoga (for that matter any adhyātmik journey) is to have the real drashTā established in his true self. Hence in Bhakti mārga, puruSha is imagined to plead prakriti (IshTadèvatā) to help Him escape. Imagined because it is only higher limbs of prakriti pleading lower ones.

रवीकुळ टिळका रे हीत माझे करावे
दुरित दुरी हरावे “स्वस्वरूपी” भरावे

Rāmdās swāmi pleading rāma (vishNu i.e Indrasya yujyam sakhā) to help “Him” be established in “His” true self. Aim of adhyātma is moksha/Kaivalya. Everything else is a tool of drashTā/puruSha towards reaching this end goal.

 श्रीराम... 🙏🙏

On avatāra and concept of Gods in Dharma

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This thread started as a discussion on Bharat Rakshak (as is the case with most of my posts). Then was published on twitter. It was received well there. So posting it here for posterity and ease of access. 🙏🙏
We have begun to think of “God” as Abrahmics (Xians and Muslims). We Hindus should try and unlearn this meticulously. For it is affecting us. Just after Duryodhana tried to arrest Krishna, he had seen his virāTa-rūpa. He knew this is vishNu himself. Yet it didn’t bother him much. Because we view “God” very differently. God IS NOT above karma. If you have done a karma (good bad whatever), nothing in this existence has power to stop its consequences getting back to you. Not even an all powerful omnipotent omniscient omnipresent Lord.

Which leads to the question whether the said entity is actually “omni- all that” at all? So Duryodhana’s journey after being revealed that Krishna is vishNU - actually teaches how Hindus view Gods and Deities. Gods can’t interfere in cycle of Karma. Duryodhana is part of a karmic chain reaction started long ago with Shantanu’s decision to deprive Bhishma of kinghood. Only Duryodhana could’ve stopped it if only he had decided not be an asshole & let pānDavas be at peace after partition.

But molestation of Draupadi had sealed his fate. No matter what, Kauravas were marked men, the moment they touched Draupadi. Even Krishna knew it during his final attempt for peace that was impossible to stop this chain reaction just before the final explosion. It was inevitable. Only question was - will Duryodhan take only 102 men down with him (karNa and Shakuni included) or will Duryodhana take down 4 million men down with him. He very methodically tied his fate with other 4 million poor buggers. Duryodhana thought that by tying himself with the system, he would become “too big to fail”. I cannot blame him for thinking this way. This is what we see in our daily lives.  And the system had become so rigid that they could not uncouple the karma of this marked person with other 4 million bystanders. Their karma. What else.... He just misjudged the purpose of avatāra - to reset the order. Not to just troubleshoot and bug fix.

Hence dear Hindus : Never wish for an avatāra

You never know what all you will lose, in short and long term if vishNu decides to “come down” and do the system reset. Just do your job & hold the dharma as long as you can (one birth at a time) & keep vishNu asleep in Kshirasāgara. It’ll happen when it has to happen. Only Muslims and Xians wish to hasten their judgement day. They remind me of Duryodhana. Unfortunately our lives are tied with them in given times. So if their Qayamat happens, they will die. That is what they want. We will be left with damaged earth. If abrahmic qayamat has to happen, the question in front of us is how to keep us and our sacred land and dharma relatively untouched for as far as possible. Then There is always a possibility of some ātatāyi terrorist like ashwatthāma to pull the trigger of doomsday weapon.

So the question arises - whom do we pray to? What do we pray for? What is the role of dèvatā in our existence?

we pray to our ishtadevata, kuladevata, vāstudevata, sthānadevata, grāmadevata and others too. What do we usually pray for? Do we pray to save our souls (SOS)? Or do we pray for us getting anything and everything along with moksha? In my opinion, it is Latter. Herein lies main difference. In dire need, we also pray for saving us too difficult situations too. Eg. gajéndramoksha. When divine intervention happens in such instances, it is usually via some agent or direct. But will you call shri Hari saving Gajendra from crocodile as him taking an avatāra? No. Moment we are relieved of our predicament, we thank the gods for their help and move on with our karma. If there is no intervention, we accept it as our Sanchita-karma and move on with strife.

Avatāra happens when things are broken so badly that it is hopeless. Things broke so badly and things became so hopeless because? Because we (ancestors, previous births) did not do our karma and did not upheld the dharma by doing the right thing. Tell me if Bhishma had not taken than vow, would mahabhārata happen? If Shantanu had kept control over his desires? If citizens of mathurā had rebelled and overthrown Kansa after his adhārmik usurping of power, will shri Hari need to come down? It is when we abandon the right path and things start getting hopelessly bad that avatāra needs to happen. Because there are some things more valuable than existence of Srishti which needs to be protected. It is to save that thing.

ParitrāNāya sādhūnām doesn’t translate as “to save good people”. Rather it is very lazy translation. It actually means to save that/them which/who is/are so exalted and sacred that its worth saving at all costs. Even if that cost is pralaya. Or world war. Or systemic reset. All those who died in presence of bhagawaan went to swarga. But all of those who died then were ill-fated (due to their past bad karma) to live in such adhaarmik times where even the queens are disrobed in public and suffer the consequence of that age and times. If such thing can happen to a lady as exalted as Draupadi what must be ordinary women going through? All those who got to see hear touch Krishna in Mathura and Vrindavan must have gotten good gati and it was as a result of some powerful accumulated puNya.

But they had to live under tyrants like Kansa and Jarasandha who sent assassins to murder new born kids en masse. Think of how many murders Putanā committed before meeting her end at hands of Krishna? What about those parents who were fortunate enough to live in presence of bhagwaan.  But unfortunate enough to lose their new born babies? Do you call it a good fortune? 😊 Is it not better if one by one’s sādhana gets a similar good gati, perhaps darshan of that same devatā while living in a dhārmik society. Instead of living in turbulent times invited by our own actions or inactions?

मा ते संगोस्तु अकर्मणिं..... Never indulge in Akarma (dodging one’s duties and responsibility towards dharma).

Friday, March 06, 2020

आनंदवनभुवनी - Ānanda vana bhūvanī - by Samartha Rāmadāsa Swāmī

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Ānandavanabhūvanī is one of the most important compositions of Samartha Rāmadāsa Swāmi. He wrote this in his last years on earth. He envisions/dreams/sees a Hindu society and how it should be after Aurangzeb and other Mlechhas are eliminated from this good earth. It is a long poem. It is basically the interpretation or understanding or experience of what and how a Rāmarājya truly is after the bhagavat-vachan of “परित्राणाय साधुनाम् ....... संभावामि युगे युगे” fructifies in a society. It is most interesting to observe that the experience of a rāmarājya by a realised and enlightened Sadguru like Rāmadās swāmi is so different and heart warming than the Ganga-jamuni dhimmi crap peddled by Gandhi et al. Swāmi is openly dreaming of ridding the earth of mlechhas and armies venturing out in all directions etc. This composition gives an excellent view on how a truly Hindu mind uncluttered by Macaulay or Persian domination imagines rāmarājya. 

जन्‍मदु:खें जरा दुखें । नित्‍य दु:खे पुन्‍हा पुन्‍हा । 
संसार त्‍यागणें जाणें । आनंदवनभुवनी ।।१।।
वेधले चीत्त जाणावें । रामवेधी निरंतरी ।
रागे हो वीतरागे हो । आनंदवनभुवनी ।।२।।
संसार वोढितां दु:खे । ज्‍याचे त्‍यासीस ठाऊंकें । 
परंतु येकदा जाणे । आनंदवनभुवनी ।।३।।
न सोसे दु:ख तें होतें । दु:ख शोक परोपरी ।
 येकाकी येकदां जावे । आनंदवनभुवनी ।।४।।
कष्‍टलो कष्‍टलो देंवा । पुरे संसार झाला ।
 देहत्‍यागासी येणें हो । आनंदवनभुवनी ।।५।।
जन्‍म ते सोसिले मोठे । आपाय बहुतांपरीं । 
उपाये धाडिलें देवें । आनंदवनभुवनी ।।६।।
स्‍वप्‍नी जें देखिलें रात्री । तें तें तैसेंची होतसे । 
हिंडता फिरतां गेलों । आनंदवनभुवनी ।।७।।
हे साक्ष देखिली दृष्‍टी । किती कल्‍लोळ उठीले । 
विघ्‍नघ्‍ना प्रार्थिले गेलों । आनंदवनभुवनी ।।८।।
स्‍वधर्म आड जें विघ्‍ने । तें तें सर्वत्र उठीलें । 
लाटिली कुटिली देवें । दापिली कापिले बहु ।।९।।
विघ्‍नाच्‍या उठिल्‍या फौजा । भीम त्‍यावरी लोटला । 
घर्डिलीं र्चिडलीं रागे । रडविले बडविले बळे ।।१०।।
हाकिली टांकिली तेणें । आनंदवनभुवनीं । 
हांक बोंब बहु जाली । पुढें खतल्‍ल मांडिले ।।११।।
खौळले लोक देवाचे । मुख्‍य देवची उठीला । 
कळेना काय रे होतें । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।१२।।
स्‍वर्गीची लोटली जेथे । रामगंगा महानदी । 
तीर्थासी तुळणा नाहिं । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।१३।।
ग्रंथी जे वर्णिले मागे । गुप्‍तगंगा महानदी । 
जळांत रोकडे प्राणी । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।१४।।
सकळ देवांची साक्षी । गुप्‍त उदंड भूवने । 
सौख्‍य च पावणे जाणे । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।१५।।
त्रैलोक्‍य चालिलें तेथें । देव गंधर्व मानवी । 
ऋषी मुनी महायोगी । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।१६।।
आक्रा आक्रा बहु आक्रा । काय आक्रा कळेचिना ।
 गुप्‍त ते गुप्‍त जाणावे । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।१७।।
त्रैलोक्‍यी चालिला फौजा । सौख्‍य बंदविमोचनें । 
मोहिम मांडली मोठी । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।१८।।
सुरेश उठिला आंगे । सुरसेना परोपरीं ।
 वेष्‍टीत कर्कशे यानें । शस्‍त्रपाणी महाबळी ।।१९।।
देव देव बहु देव । नाना देव परोपरीं । 
दाटणी जाहाली मोठी । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।२०।।
दिग्‍पती चालिले सर्वें । नाना सेंना परोपरीं । 
वेष्‍टीत चालिले सकळै । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।२१।।
मंगळे वाजती वाद्यें । माहांगणासमागमे । 
आरंभी चालीला पुढें । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।२२।।
राशभें राखिलीं मागें । तेणें रागेंची चालिला । 
सर्वत्र पाठीसी फौजा । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।२३।।
अनेक वाजती वाद्ये । ध्‍वनी कल्‍लोल उठीला । 
छेबींने डोलती ढाला । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।२४।।
विजई दीस जो आहे । ते दीसीं सर्व उठती । 
अनर्थ मांडला मोठा । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।२५।।
देवची तुष्‍टला होता । त्‍याचे भक्तीस भुलला । 
मागुता क्षोभला । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।२६।।
कल्‍पांत मांडला मोठा । म्‍लेंछदैत्‍य बुडावया । 
कैपक्ष घेतला देवीं । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।२७।।
बुडाले सर्व ही पापी । हिंदुस्‍थान बळावलें । 
अभक्तांचा क्षयो जाला । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।२८।।
पूर्वी जे मारिले होतें । ते ची आतां बळावलें । 
कोपला देव देवांचा । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।२९।।
त्रैलोक्‍य गांजिले मागें । ठाउकें विवेकी जना । 
कैपक्ष घेतला रामें । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।३०।।
भीम ची धाडिला देवें । वैभवें धांव घेतलीं । 
लांगूळ चालिले पुढे । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।३१।।
येथूनी वाढिला धर्म । रमाधर्म समागमें । 
संतोष मांडला मोठा । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।३२।।
बुडाला औरंग्‍या पापी । म्‍लेंछसंहार जाहाला । 
मोडलीं मांडली क्षेत्रे । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।३३।।
बुडाले भेदवाही ते । नष्‍ट चांडाळ पातकी । 
ताडिले पाडिले देव । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।३४।।
गळाले पळाले मेले । जाले देशधडी पुढे ।
 निर्मळ जाहाली पृथ्‍वी । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।३५।।
उदंड जाहालें पाणी । स्‍नान संध्‍या करावया ।
 जप तप अनुष्‍ठानें । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।३६।।
नाना तपे पुन्‍हश्र्चणैं । नाना धर्म परोपरीं । 
गाजली भक्ती हे मोठी । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।३७।।
लीहीला प्रत्‍ययो आला । मोठा आनंद जाहाला । 
चढता वाढता प्रेमा । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।३८।।
बंड पाषांड उडालें । शुध आधात्‍म वाढलें । 
राम कर्ता राम भोक्ता । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।३९।।
देवालयें दीपमाळा । रंगमाळा बहुविधा । 
पुजिला देव देवांचा । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।४०।।
रामवरदायनी माता । गर्द घेउनी उठीली । 
मर्दिले पूर्वीचे पापी । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।४१।।
प्रतेक्ष चालिला राया । मूळमाया समागमें । 
नष्‍ट चांडाळ ते खाया आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।४२।।
भक्तांसी रक्षिलें मागें । आतां ही रक्षिते पाहा । 
भक्तांसी दीधले सर्वै । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।४३।।
आरोग्‍य जाहाली काया । वैभवें सांडिली सीमा । 
सार सर्वस्‍व देवाचें । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।४४।।
देव सर्वस्‍व भक्तांचा । देव भक्त दुजें नसे । 
संदेह तुटला मोठा । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।४५।।
देव भक्त येक जाले । मिळाले जीव सर्व हि । 
संतोष पावले तेथें । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।४६।।
सामर्थे येश कीर्तींची । प्रतापें सांडिली सीमा । 
ब्रीदेंची दीधली सर्वे । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।४७।।
राम कर्ता राम भोक्ता । रामराज्‍य भुमंडळीं । 
सर्वस्‍व मीच देवाचा । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।४८।।
हेंची शोधुनी पाहावें । राहावें निश्‍चळी सदा । 
सार्थक श्रवणें होतें । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।४९।।
वेद शास्‍त्र धर्मचर्चा । पुराणें माहात्‍में किती । 
कवित्‍वें नूतनें जीणें । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।५०।।
गीत संगीत सामर्थ्‍ये । वाद्य कल्‍लोळ उठीला । 
मिळाले सर्व आर्थाथीं । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।५१।।
वेद तो मंद जाणवा । सीद्ध आनंदवनभुवनीं । 
आतुळ महिमा तेथें । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।५२।।
मनासी प्रचीत आली । शब्‍दीं विश्‍वास वाटला । 
कामना पुरती सर्वे । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।५३।।
येथुनी वांचती सर्वे । ते ते सर्वत्र देखती । 
सामर्थ्‍य काये बोलावें । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।५४।।
उदंड ठेविलें नामें । आपस्‍तुतीच मांडिली । 
ऐसे हें बोलणें नाहिं । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।५५।।
बोलणें वाउगें होतें । चालिणे पाहिजें बरें । 
पुढे घडेल तें खरें । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।५६।।
स्‍मरलें लिहीलें आहे । बोलता चालता हरी । 
काये होईल पाहावें । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।५७।।
महिमा तों वर्णवेना । विशेष बहुतांपरी । 
विद्यापीठ तें आहे । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।५८।।
सर्वसिद्या कळा विद्या । न भूतो न भविष्‍यति । 
वैराग्‍य जाहालें सर्वे । आनंदवनभुवनीं ।।५९।।

Sunday, January 19, 2020

Towards Indic Economy - Part 1

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India License.

Author : Shri Rama Yeleswarapu

The stupendous reelection of Modi government, on the basis of its corruption-free and efficient governance, created a new wave of optimism about India’s raise as a world power. Fitting to the mandate came solutions to various civilizational issues, such as J&K, Ayodhya Rama Janma Bhoomi, Women equality (3T) and CAA, that were pestering the Indian civilization for decades and even centuries.

With the civilizational deck being cleared of its aberrations, the Modi-2 administration is preparing to lay the judicial, administrative, security, civic-infra, ecological and economic foundations on which a New India to be built to stand as a world power that reflects its civilizational potential.

At the outset, it is important to keep few facts in mind. Firstly there is the definition of GDP and its nominal (Real) and purchasing power parity (PPP) flavors. Second aspect is the way GDP is measured and what human activities of the civilization are accepted as economic activities and included in GDP calculation and which human activities are not included. Finally the huge difference between what is a nation’s current GDP and what is the potential GDP of a given nation.

This article if first in the series to study, understand, analyze and explore the viswaroopa of Indian Economy and identify the opportunities to reflect the underlying Hindu Civilization so the economy resonates with its civilizational aspirations. When we talk about the potential economic might of India’s civilization, we are talking about its 32% share of World GDP (ref: Angus Maddison) when India was free from foreign invaders. As of 2019, India’s real GDP is about $2.9T (3.8% of world GDP) and PPP GDP is $10.5T (7.4% of world GDP).

In this article, we shall outline the basic requirement or expense sheet of key aspects of Indian economy; assuming the nation has to achieve first world level of Sustainable Human Development score of 0.8 and above (SDG score >=0.8). This analysis is done to understand where India stands today and where it needs to be in 10 years by 2030 and what investments it need to make. This structure also helps us to identify the opportunities that India can explore to make its economy reflect its underlying civilizational ethos; which we shall explore in upcoming article(s).

 1 Food Security

The economy must ensure food security for at least 150 crore Indians and Hindus worldwide. This 150 crore number covers both the projected population growth as well as the Hindu diaspora around the world who might need to seek refuge in Bharat in case of man-made calamities.

The current share of agriculture in India’s GDP is 15% or about $450B. Adding the $50B food subsidies govt provides and another $50B farm loan waivers; our food security cost at present is $550B. Adding inflation and diaspora, we can safely assume that our food security cost is $1000B

There are other dimensions to India’s food security opportunity, which were explored in detail HERE.

Cost of food security in GDP: $1,000B per year

 2 Energy Security

India imports 40% of its energy bill and it costs about $120B. This translates to an annual energy bill of $300B.

This energy foot print will double in order for India to achieve first world (Human Development Index >0,8). So Bharat’s  energy security requires $600B energy consumption.

Modi Govt has put two goals for itself:

One is to achieve all new energy supply using renewable energy sources. This translates to an energy bill consumption of $300B per year OR at present interest rates about $2T investment opportunity. India should strive for 100% ownership on entire supply chain of these new energy sources; including R&D, construction, operationalization, maintenance, supply, storage etc. This $2T investment over next 10 years must include Thorium based nuclear energy, Solar energy, Energy storage grids etc.

Second goal of Modi government is to reduce the share of  foreign energy imports to 10% of energy bill. So even in the future scenario, the energy imports component will be limited to $60B (10% of $600B) per year. These energy imports are expected to be compensated using various bio-diesel alternatives. This also gives about $400B investment opportunity in bio-diesel technologies, supply chains etc over next decade.

Cost of Energy Security: $600B per year

 3 Digital Security

At present India has a healthy coverage in digital technologies and adoption. The gaps are mainly in R&D, owning technology and bringing all other civic and business processes on to 100% inter-connected and mutually supporting digital platforms.

Assuming an annual per-capita cost of digital infra to be $300 (Rs 1500 per month per person for data/process/device costs) nations digital infrastructure cost would be about $450B per year (1.5b people x $300).

The actual investment that need to happen is bringing all other aspects of socio-economic life such as agri, police, security, social media, business, finance, entertainment etc on to digital platforms.The overall investment required in this sector will be more than $1T over next decade.

Cost of digital security: $500B per year

 4 Territorial, military and internal Security

Given India’s territorial ambitions and claims, geopolitical environment and responsibility towards global peace, Indian Military needs to be equipped with best of world infrastructure and hardware.

Similarly, India’s internal security apparatus need to be upgraded, manned and equipped to serve 1.5 billion people having a safe and speedy security cover.

This area needs $500B infrastructure investment over next decade and the military and internal security budget need to be upped to $250B per year

Cost of territorial and internal security: $250B per year

 5 Labor Security

At present India’s labor force participation rate is 50% (that means only 50% of working age population are either employed or seeking employment). This is so because majority of the female population does not seek employment outside their homes. They are home makers; which is also economic activity.

India currently has about 860 million working age population (Age 15-64) and is expected to cross 1.1 billion people by 2035.

Assuming the labor force participation increases to developed economy level of 60%; India would have to create active employment for about 700m people.

A $12000 (Rs 8L/year, the baseline for EWS reservations) per-labor income means $8.4T economic activity. A 30%saving (economic reinvestment) results in $2.5T investment into the GDP.

A 10% increase in participation rate combined with increase in working age population from now to 2035 translates to an additional 230 million labor force. India has to create necessary economic activity to absorb all this 23 crore new labor force while increasing the existing labor force per-capita income to Rs 8L+ per year.

All this labor activity requires necessary post-retirement social security systems.

Cost of Labor force security a.k.a social security: $100B per year

 6 Civilizational Security

Ensuring that Indians can celebrate their life (birth, other important events like upanayanam, marriages, death etc) as well as festivals and continue their civilizational heritage and uniqueness.

For example, the marriage industry in India is estimated to be $50B/year second only to USA ($70B/yr). Similarly a Hindu family normally spends $50-$150 during Diwali. This means 300 million Hindu families spend up to $150B per year just to celebrate one festival, Diwali.

Cost of civilizational security: $1,000B per year

 7 Trade Security

To ensure India can have enough resources to sustain its international trade, balance of payments and trade related activities.

Currently India maintains $500B forex reserves to sustain a $3T economy.
To sustain inflation and economic growth rate, India need to add an average of $50B per year to ensure balance of payments and another $50B to ensure the security and insurance of its trade routes.

Trade security: $100B per year

 8 Water Security

To provide enough water for India’s domestic, industrial and agricultural security, India needs to continue building reservoirs, dams, water harvesting techniques, water saving technologies and de-salination plants.

For example Telangana state alone spent at least $5B per year to build water reservoir/dams over past year.

Modi’s Nal-Se-Jal project is expected to spend upto $100B over next 5 years.

Water Security: $100B per year

 9 Ecological Security

To sustain ecological balance on india’s land, water, air, forests and oceans.

For example Ganga rejuvenation project alone is expected to cost anywhere between $10-20B over its life time.

Ecological Security:$100B per year

 10 Technological Security

Cost of education, higher education and R&D in 100 major areas with associated research labs.

Technological Security:$1,000B per year

 11 Civic Infra

Housing, roads, railways, airports etc that need major renovation and reconstruction every 50 years

For example, in housing alone, 150 crore Indians translates to 46 crore families needing about 10 million (1 cr) new houses built every year in perpetuity assuming a 50 year lifespan for a house.

Civic Infra security: $2,000B per year

 12 Health Security

Currently India spends 1.4% of GDP ($45B or $63 per head) on health care to provide a HDI 0.65 score health services. Other OECD nations spend anywhere between 20-100 times this money.

Assuming India develops a first world health care sector at the lowest cost provider, India will require to spend at least 20 times more on health care.

Health Security:$800B per year


If we sum all the above items, we are looking at an India spending $7.5T/Year just to maintain basic securities at a SDG/HDI score of 0.8. On top of this, India need to save at least 30% of its GDP to sustain the upcoming retiree bulge and future civilizational goals and challenges between 2035-2070. This translates to an India of $10T economy saving $3T and spending $7T to ensure basic securities. As we can see this is close to the amount of money required to employ all its (willing and employment seeking) labor force as described in point 5 – Labor security.

This is the goal we are looking at over next 10 years. Turning India into a $10T (real not PPP) economy by 2030.